To make panoramas you need a camera, tripod and software to stitch the photos together. You can create panoramas with any camera. Having a camera with a wide angle makes the process much easier since wide angle lenses have a larger field of view and you will required fewer images to cover 360 degrees. Fewer images to stitch together means less work in the stitching process.
I use Nikon DSLR cameras (D200 and D700) and a variety of lenses; including Samyang/Bower 8mm, Nikon 14mm/2.8 lens or Nikon 20mm/2.8 lens for 360 panoramas and Leica 80-200mm for non-circular panoramas.
Another useful item is a panoramic head mounted on a tripod. The panoramic head allows the camera to rotate around the nodal point of the lens, and reduces parallax. I use a Nodal Ninja panoramic tripod head since is is designed for heavy cameras and lens and can be adjusted for different camera-lens combinations.
For quick and dirty panoramas I use a 8 foot monopole with the Samyang/Bower 8mm lens. This lens has a 140 degree field of view, which means 4 pictures at 90 degrees can be combined to create a 360 degree panorama. The pole is up above the crowds and the camera is tilted down at 10 to 15 degrees. The monopole technique does not use a panorama head. Panoramas of moving objects, such as people will result in ‘ghosting’ since their position in one image is different in one picture than in the next picture.
I use PTGui software to create the panoramas.
Due to file size, images and the panorama images on this site are of reduced resolution, and will appear blocky if zoomed in too far.